AFTER HIGH SCHOOL OPTIONS
Education can give you the kind of knowledge and skills that lead to more job and career opportunities. There are many jobs and careers that don’t require specialized education or training; however, others do. If you are interested in pursuing higher education or learning new skills, you have many program and school options. To better understand where to start and what to do, there are several questions you should consider before deciding what’s next.
When thinking about your educational and career goals, you may want to consider opportunities, degrees, and certifications offered at vocational schools, apprenticeship programs, community colleges (junior college) or four-year institutions. Considering your needs and exploring your options can help you reach your career goals and avoid debt that may jeopardize your future financial well being.
To get started, consider the kind of work you enjoy and think worthwhile. What interests you? What comes naturally to you? And what’s your idea of an amazing challenge? Taking a career interest assessment can be a good first step. After you’ve identified some careers that interest you, see what kind of education and training is required and how the salaries match up with your financial goals. When thinking about your educational and career goals, colleges and vocational schools often opportunities and certifications that can prepare you for the job market and help you reach your career goals.
Program and school research is an investment in your future and a way to increase your chances of landing that dream job and avoiding excessive student loan debt. There is no right or wrong decision. Considering your needs and goals, these questions can help you determine the best choice for you:
- What academic or career pathway am I interested in?
- Which topics and skills do I enjoy or usually excel?
- Does this profession require a degree, certificate, or advanced education?
- Is there a test or certification required? What organization regulates the test or certification?
- What is my financial situation? Is there funding or support available that can help pay for my educational expenses? Will the salary be sufficient?
After Identifying Your Career
Once you identify the career, you might have more than one option for getting the education you need to enter the industry. Each education option will likely have different lengths and costs, which could have a bearing on your future job success and financial wellbeing, so it is important to evaluate your choices before making a decision. If you have an industry or career in mind, begin your research by learning more about the jobs available and required training. You may also want to talk to employers in the field to find out which programs they recommend and what skills and experiences are in demand, as well as attend local job fairs to learn more about options. Together, these steps can help you identify the right career for you and the skills required.
- Consider whether the career is in demand. The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) is a good resource for industry and career forecasting.
- Find out about the job duties. Learning about the duties (including practical, administrative, etc.) will help you have a more realistic expectation.
- Research the type of degree, certification, or post-graduate licensing required. Some careers may not require certification but may improve job prospects. Your local department of education may be able to share information on tests and licensure required in your state.
- Talk with employers to learn more about the job you want. Even if a position is not available at the time, employers may offer an informational interview. An informational interview can help you learn more about the training programs that they recruit from, the equipment and software you need to be familiar, and important soft skills that you should develop.
A recent Georgetown University1 report suggested that 65% of jobs will require some education or training after high school. There are many educational options including certificates, certification, licensing, apprenticeships, associate and bachelor degrees; however, these options are not one size fits all. It is important to understand the differences between these options as well as the pros and cons.
Things to Check
Once you have identified your career pathway and your options, you are ready to decide on which program or school to enroll. A helpful tool, The College Scorecard (https://collegescorecard.ed.gov), allows you to search for schools by program and location providing information on size, cost, graduation rate, and graduate salary. Before committing, be sure to check:
The benefits of education
You have a lot to potentially gain from continued education — from increased earning power to more job options.
- Why continuing your education — whether you go to a college, attend a trade school, or become professionally certified — is an investment in your future
- How financial aid works, how you can apply for it, and how you pay it back
Think of furthering your education as an investment in yourself.
More Education = More Earning Power
How much education you have may make a difference in earning power
Everyone’s situation and goals in life are different. A four-year college degree or advanced degree may not be right for everyone. You may be interested in community college, trade school, or technical training instead.
Your life experiences (especially those from your military career) can translate into valuable skills for potential employers. Understanding these experiences and how they apply can make you a more marketable applicant.
The level of education you achieve may make a big difference in how much money you earn. Did you know that a college graduate earns almost one million dollars more over a lifetime than a high school graduate?1
More Education = More Job Options
More education may provide more vocational and career opportunities
For some jobs, you don’t need specialized education or training beyond what you learned in high school. But many jobs require additional education or training. And there are lots of options for enhancing your education: trade school, technical school, college, or graduate school.
Many subjects offered at college aren’t geared to specific jobs or careers. But college can give you skills like how to research, solve problems, and express yourself that’ll help you in almost any area. And some classes could help you get ready for jobs in healthcare, high tech, or the business world.
Think about the kinds of work that you think are worthwhile. What interests you? What are you naturally good at? And what’s your idea of an amazing challenge?
After you’ve identified some careers that interest you, see what kind of education and training is required and how the salaries in those jobs match up with your financial goals.
Note: Free information about jobs and careers is available at the library and on the internet including: what the job involves, the training and education you’ll need, typical pay, and current employment outlook.
Prepare for school
If you’re thinking about education beyond high school, here are things you can do to prepare yourself:
- Take challenging courses in high school. Work hard to learn as much as you can and get good grades. Begin thinking about future career possibilities.
- Participate in a variety of extracurricular and volunteer activities. In addition to benefiting you, your high school, and community, these can improve your chances of being admitted to post-secondary schools and earning scholarships.
- Talk with your parents or guardians. They may be able to help you in a number of ways such as evaluating schools, studying for placement tests, and visiting schools with you.
- Meet with counselors at your high school. They can advise you about school admissions applications. They can also give you details about registering for placement tests, write recommendations for you, and provide encouragement.
- Prepare for any tests that may be required. Note the registration deadlines carefully. Generally, you should register at least six weeks ahead of the test so you have time to study and avoid late registration fees.
- By your junior year in high school, start to consider what you’re looking for in a post-secondary school. Remember, everyone’s situation and goals in life are a little different. A four-year college degree isn’t right for everyone. Ask yourself questions such as:
- What subjects, skills, and possible careers most interest me? What schools offer strong programs in those areas?
- What type of school would be best-suited to my interests and goals: a trade school, technical training, junior college, community college, or university?
- Where do I want to live while going to school? At home or on campus? In a city or in a small town?
- What size school do I want to attend? What class and campus size suit me best?
- What extracurricular activities interest me? Campus newspaper? Sports teams? Music? Find out what different schools have to offer.
- Based on your answers to these questions, review the brochures of schools that interest you. Narrow your list to three to six prospective schools.
- Visit the schools that interest you. If possible, visit during the school year when classes are in session.
- Contact admissions counselors at the schools. Like high school counselors, they can provide you with information about admissions, scholarships, and school-specific details, such as the tests they require to apply.
- Stay organized in your school search process. Create a file folder of information on each prospective school and keep track of all important dates on a single calendar.
Your Junior Year
- Complete the Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA) as soon as possible.
- Attend post-secondary school information nights and career fairs.
- Take applicable entrance exams (your guidance counselors should have test schedules and registration materials).
- Explore different schools online and schedule school visits.
- Start a scholarship search online.
Your Senior Year
- Meet with your guidance counselor to evaluate your choice of schools, based on your placement test scores, your grade point average, and extracurricular activities.
- Contact schools for admission and financial aid applications.
- Continue your scholarship search.
- Decide at which schools you’d like to apply. Apply to several schools, including at least one “safety” school, where you know you’ll probably be accepted, several where you’ll probably be accepted, and one or two “reach” schools.
- Secure recommendations from teachers, employers, or other adults. Give them at least a month to complete your recommendation.
- If your schools require application essays, begin thinking about topics now and start drafting outlines.
- Find out your schools’ application deadlines, and be sure your information is submitted on time.
- Schedule campus visits and admission interviews.
- Decide where you want to live next year and submit your housing application.
- Keep an eye on scholarship deadlines.
- Attend financial aid nights to learn more about education financing.
- Provide your high school guidance counselor with the necessary mid-year grade forms, if your schools require them.
- Register for advanced placement tests, if applicable.
- Continue to complete scholarship applications.
- About four weeks after submitting the FAFSA, you will receive your Student AID Report (SAR) containing your financial information and Expected Family Contribution (EFC). Schools use this to determine our financial aid package, so be sure it’s accurate.
- You should begin receiving your admissions decisions from schools around this time.
- Compare financial aid awards from different schools. Keep this in mind as you consider which school to select.
- If your financial aid package is not enough to cover your costs, consider the Federal PLUS Loan (Parent Loan for Undergraduate Students), which allows parents to borrow up to the full cost of attendance minus other aid received. Also, consider private student loans.
- It’s time to make your final choice. Notify your schools of your decision to accept or decline their offer of admission. Many schools have acceptance deadlines in April or early May.
- Relax. The hard part is behind you — enjoy the last few weeks of high school!
- Make sure your final transcripts are sent to the school you will attend.
- Save money from your summer job and buy the things you will need for school gradually over the summer.
- Be aware of freshman orientation dates. If you miss your orientation, you may not be able to register for classes until you attend.
- Good luck in your future education!